A landowner has the right to full compensation for the economic losses caused by the transmission line project. The expropriation compensation consists of a site compensation and disadvantage compensation as well as compensation for damage.
The expropriation compensation is a non-recurring monetary compensation. Moreover, Fingrid pays an agreed special compensation to those landowners who have signed a letter of intent.
Site compensation and disadvantage compensation
A site compensation is ordered to be paid for issues such as the ground area of the transmission line area. When determining the compensation, the expropriation committee aims to assess how much the transmission line interferes with the existing or known planned land use in the region.
Disadvantage compensation is paid for issues such as the tower disadvantage on arable land. Its amount is determined for example by the shape and size of the obstacle area as well as by the intensity of cultivation.
Damages are ordered to be paid for windthrow, for example. Part of the compensation, about 75%, can be paid in advance if a relevant party so requires. The amount of the final compensations can be determined only after the transmission line has been completed. Before that, the landowners are reserved an opportunity to present their claims for losses to the expropriation committee either in writing or orally. However, a compensation can be paid even if it has not been required, since the expropriation committee determines the compensations, ex officio. To support the compensation assessment, the expropriation committee also carries out a field review in the relevant area to be able to determine the final situation.
The final compensations must be paid within 3 months after the finishing of the expropriation procedure. A statutory interest of 6 per cent is paid on the compensations from the beginning of the construction work. It usually takes about one year from the completion of the transmission line to receive the compensations.
The goal is to avoid damage during the construction work. Despite caution, however, damage may be inflicted on ditches, roads, fields, trees, etc.
A contractor authorised by Fingrid will repair or compensate any damage observed by the contractor or reported by the landowner and resulting from the construction of the line. The damage will be compensated directly to the landowner as and when damage occurs or after the construction work has been completed. If no agreement can be reached, the disputes will be dealt with by the expropriation committee.